Mark Ralph Rowe
Two Super-Powers Nations - Competition for a One-Super-Power World
Rocket or missile re-entry Spacecraft technology Russian and American engineering during the 1970’s and 1980’s competed neck and neck side by side gaining inches over the other, battling each advance, and only if, in a series of far to many months passing of which no real leap in rocket and missile software was made by the U.S. Government, U.S. Military, or Government Contractors in the private corporate sector, then only there might have been a slight possibility of grave danger to all of humanity, since at this point in time the only solution for all data would be made with launch sequences of Naval I.C.B.M. missile trajectory paths plotted solutions to immediately launch missiles such as Titan 4 or Titan 5 missiles with average velocities between 4,000 and 5,000 miles per hour.
U.S. and U.S.S.R. submarine warfare during the 1970’s and 1980’s was enormous in operational size for both the U.S. Navy and U.S.S.R. Navy (the 2 largest Navies in the world), however by 1992 the U.S. Navy was well over 20 times larger than the Federation of Russia’s Navy.
The entire 30 years of The Cold War, from 1961-1991 was not talked about that much during these years, and is also not talked about much in the twenty-first century.
With Russia’s defeat in Afghanistan, and billions of dollars lost by the Russian economy, Russia proved the she was not capable of controlling Central-Asia. The U.S.S.R.’s economy collapsed at the local, regional, and foreign and domestic levels.
To the victor goes the spoil, and the victor of two competing super-powers equals military and diplomatic fairness in the 21st century. From The Cold War’s origin, of U.S.A.F. Captain Roger Powers Fighter-Jet shot down by a U.S.S.R. land-missile in 1960, to the multiple C.I.A. assignation attempts to take the life of former Cuban President Fidel Castro, however every attempt was a failure. The 13 Day Nuclear Missile Crisis created by the U.S.S.R. and Cuba in 1962; “The Cuban Missile Crisis”. “The Bay of Pigs” to the U.S. Navy’s “Blockade”, not mention that was a successful operation, and hence the reason we are all still living on the earth after the “Cuban Nuclear Missile Crisis” was solved and not escalated further and further to the point of (why nuclear weapons should never be used at the last resort in any point in time for all military or non-military events in all of time). Former U.S. President John F. Kennedy gave the order to the U.S. Navy, and thanks be to God, that J.F.K. chose the correct solution to the benefit of the current number of world population over for over 90% of the 7.2 billion people living on the earth in the current year of 2014.
Three great American writers Audoluos Huxley, George Orwell, and H.G. Wells have all written great books about the future global impact of the rapid advancement in technology, with books so revealing that they portray a functioning society on earth, after several nuclear holocausts, just as George Orwell’s most popular book, “1984.”
But the leap in technology that was so large that it can directly said to be:
“What two neighborhood friends did that grew up in Berkeley, California (Milano Park) from the years between 1970-1976 with respect to the most gigantic leap in technology since the wheel was invented in the Neo-lithic Era is equal to what a little over 100,000 I.B.M employees did in 5,000 years of 8 hour office work days (every month of 5,000 years) for every consecutive calendar work weeks of two decades for the years between 1969-1989, but were still technologically pasted by Apple Corporation for the years to include: 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, and for half of the year 1984. The two people that were neighborhood friends in Berkeley, California during the 1960’s, and 1970’s names are Stephen Wozniak, and Steve Jobs.
These two men reduced the physical size of an Analog Gate used for computers and calculators made by I.B.M. and Computer Corporations such as Univac Corp. and Computers using Bell Lab Analog circuits for Analog gates prior to the year of 1976. Digital Integrated design, implementation, testing, manufacturing, production, and sales was done first by Stephen Wozniak, and Steve Jobs in a garage in Berkeley, California during the mid-1970’s!
The computer research that both Stephen Wozniak and Steve Jobs took part in before the revolutionary breakthrough of Stephen Wozniak’s Apple 1 in 1976 consisted of (1); making international phone calls during the years of 1971, and 1972 from Berkeley, California to France, U.S.S.R., and Italy. during an entire month during the year of 1972 you could not were not allowed to make any phone call to anyone anywhere because of many problems that electrical engineers could not solve, day after day, since Stephen Wozniak and Stephen Jobs kept placing these international phone calls to France, U.S.S.R. and Italy in 1972 from California (2); Stephen Wosnaik and Steve Jobs created what was called a “Blue Box.” Suddenly light after light after light after light would turn on at night in one of many neiborhoods in Berkeley, California. These lights were the same size and front and back lights used at events such as the Emmy Awards or the Oscars Awards in Los Angeles, California. These lights would turn on with the exact same timing of falling dominoes on a table, if you were to measure the fractions of a second in between each domino hitting the table. Some of the homeowners and residents living in those neighborhoods that Stephen Wosnaik and Steve Jobs had installed the lights would get either woken up and spooked out, rest of the people were (some of them were movie writers , hehe) and the rest of the people turned conspiracy theorist convert and believed that it was an extraterrestrial viewing of human beings on earth.
The average size of computers at the fastest speeds making the most sophisticated calculations at large Universities and sometimes in Corporate America were the size of two to four large 5 bedroom houses put together side by side for the decades of the 1950’s and 1960’s. From Harvard University professor John V. Neuman’s Computer at the Harvard University campus. The size of John V. Nueman’s Computer was over 200 feet long in some sections covering just over a quarter of mile in total length. It was completed in the early 1950’s. It is still in Boston, MA, U.S.A. at Harvard University. During World War 2 I.B.M. developed the Hollerith Machine the used punch cards for scientific and mathematical programming and for the management of files created for the U.S. military, Office of Strategic Services, England and all League of Nations member states to include France, Canada, Australia and other nations that assisted the U.S., and England for the successful win of World War 2.
Stewart Shannon was a mathematician that is credited with proving that the Shannon number is largest possible number (for the maximum integer number for any sequence of discrete numbers changing in the natural progression of any segment of linear time for machine level calculations to be carried out at the (word hardware level is removed here since the year was 1921) that any machine or (the word computer is removed here, since the year was 1921) making it possible only with Stewart Shannon’s mathematical discovery and all of his mathematical research and contributions to Discrete Mathematics, Number Theory, Graph Theory, Group Theory, Game Theory, Ring Theory, Set Theory, and published many applications that required combinatorial mathematics, such as used in more powerful electric driven small and large motors fueled with or with gasoline of which were marketed and sold in the U.S., Europe and around world during the 1920’s 1930’s and 1940’s.
Before 1919 was the last year of World War 1, that is 1918. Much of machine technology after the Queen of England died in 1901 through 1914 was so primitive to the people of the 21st century, that the culture shock and lack of conviences shock (Car costs 3 times more than your house does, so, a horse and buggy is still the main method travel, Thomas Edison’s light bulb was only available after the year 1926, for a reasonable price that is. Edison’s discovery and application; the light bulb first came into the world in the last decade of the 19th century (1890’s). The national power supply of the U.S.A. is credited to Mr. Westinghouse, this was completed around the year 1875. Alexander Graham Bell’s invention of the telephone was first available in New York and New Jersey only in five years of the 19th century and of all of the the 20th century (for the whole of the United States of America and also for all of the 21st century (obviously). The camera was only available after the mid-1880’s.
So If I was or someone was born before the year 1879, I would not have a car, not have electric powered light to see around my house, traveling back and forth between work with a horse, and would not ever had the luxury of taking one picture of my family or grandchildren.
So in all fair comparison I now need to expound upon the leaps in Russian military technology that sometimes had the U.S. beat for days, weeks, or even months at time during “The Cold War Era from 1961-1991.” I also need to point out invention in technology and engineering that arose in the U.S.S.R. (or in the U.S.S.R. name removed to her current name, that is, the Russian Federation referring only to the Post-Cold War Era, such as the year of 2013 is the same. The world that we are current living in is currently called the Era in history called the “Post-Cold War Era.” or 1991 - .